Good Wood Guide

Different types of wood timber by U to Z
14 March 2012

Introduction to the Good wood guide Checklist for buying and using wood timber Links to sources of information on wood and timber Acknowledgements

 

Different types of wood timber by A to Z

We like repairing or adapting existing things, using reclaimed timber, or buying locally-grown wood best.

If that's not possible for you then you can use the table below to help you find the best alternative when buying new timber. It covers tree species info on:

  • Common and scientific name*
  • Country of origin
  • Common uses
  • Whether it is threatened with extinction (see key below)
  • Whether reclaimed timber of that tree species is available
  • How much it is used in the UK

* listed alphabetically by common name and according to type of tree - eg American Cedar is listed under Cedar American

Key to threat classification

CR

Critically Endangered: a very high risk of extinction in the wild

EN

Endangered: a high risk of extinction in the wild

VU

Vulnerable: at risk of extinction

LR (NT)

Lower risk (near threatened): close to qualifying as Vulnerable

Table of different types of wood timber by A to Z

The letters below are clickable and will take you to the tree species beginning with that letter.

A   B   C   D   E   F   G  H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Common name

Scientific name

Origin

Uses

Level of use in the UK

Global threat status

Available as reclaimed?

Utile / sipo

Entandophragma utile

West Africa (Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire)

Furniture, fitments, joinery, construction

Major

VU

Regularly as wood strip and woodblock flooring

Common name

Scientific name

Origin

Uses

Level of use in the UK

Global threat status

Available as reclaimed?

Virola

Virola spp.

South America

Plywood, mouldings, interior joinery

Minor

V. surinamensis EN

 

Vitex Minor

Vitex confassus

South-east Asia

Boxes and crates, utility furniture, joinery

Minor

-

 

Common name

Scientific name

Origin

Uses

Level of use in the UK

Global threat status

Available as reclaimed?

Wallaba

Eperua falcata

South America

Heavy construction, poles, industrial flooring

Minor

-

 

Walnut, African /dibetou

Lovoa trichilioides

West and Central Africa

Furniture and panelling

Minor

VU

 

Walnut

Juglans spp.

Europe, North America

Furniture, joinery, gun butts

Minor

 

Regularly as antique panelling and veneered doors

Walnut,

Endiandra palmerstonii

Queensland Australia

Furniture, interior joinery and construction, veneers

Minor

-

 

Wawa / Samba / Obeche / Ayous

Triplochiton scleroxylon

Africa

Kitchen furniture, mouldings, hidden work, plywood

Major

-

 

Wenge

Millettia laurentii

Central Africa

Furniture, decorative veneers, speciality uses

Minor

EN

Regularly as woodblock flooring

Willow

Salix spp.

UK, Europe

Cricket bats, basket work, toys and other items

Minor

-

 

Common name

Scientific name

Origin

Uses

Level of use in the UK

Global threat status

Available as reclaimed?

Yew (softwood)

Taxus baccata

UK, Europe

Decorative veneer

Minor

-

 

A   B   C   D   E   F   G  H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z